Books

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) The Water Footprint of Modern Consumer Society, Routledge, London, UK. Info

Hoekstra, A.Y., Chapagain, A.K., Aldaya, M.M. and Mekonnen, M.M. (2011) The Water Footprint Assessment Manual: Setting the Global Standard, Earthscan, London, UK. Info

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Chapagain, A.K. (2008) Globalization of Water: Sharing the Planet’s Freshwater Resources, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK. Info

Hoekstra, A.Y. (1998) Perspectives on Water: An Integrated Model-based Exploration of the Future, International Books, Utrecht, the Netherlands. Info

Peer-reviewed papers

2017

Bosire, C.K., Lannerstad, M., De Leeuw, J., Krol, M.S., Ogutu, J.O., Ochungo, P.A. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) Urban consumption of meat and milk and its green and blue water footprints: Patterns in the 1980s and 2000s for Nairobi, Kenya, Science of the Total Environment, 579: 786–796. PDF

Chukalla, A.D., Krol , M.S. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) Marginal cost curves for water footprint reduction in irrigated agriculture: Guiding a cost-effective reduction of crop water consumption to a permit or benchmark level, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 21: 3507-3524. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) Water footprint assessment: Evolvement of a new research field, Water Resources Management, 31(10): 3061–3081. PDF Supporting material: PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y., Chapagain, A.K. and Van Oel, P.R. (2017) Advancing water footprint assessment research: Challenges in monitoring progress towards Sustainable Development Goal 6, Water, 9(6): 438. PDF

Ibidhi, R., Hoekstra A.Y., Gerbens-Leenes P.W. and Chouchane, H. (2017) Water, land and carbon footprints of sheep and chicken meat produced in Tunisia under different farming systems, Ecological Indicators, 77: 304-313. PDF

Legesse, G., Ominski, K.H., Beauchemin, K.A., Pfister, S., Martel, M., McGeough, E.J., Hoekstra, A.Y., Kroebel, R., Cordeiro, M. and McAllister, T.A. (2017) Quantifying water use in ruminant production, Journal of Animal Science, 95(5): 2001-2018. LINK

Mankin, J.S., Viviroli, D., Mekonnen, M.M., Hoekstra A.Y., Horton, R.M., Smerdon, J.E. and Diffenbaugh, N.S. (2017) Influence of internal variability on population exposure to hydroclimatic changes, Environmental Research Letters, 12(4): 044007. PDF

Marhaento, H., Booij, M.J. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) Attribution of changes in stream flow to land use change and climate change in a mesoscale tropical catchment in Java, Indonesia, Hydrology Research, doi:10.2166/nh.2016.110. LINK

Marhaento, H., Booij, M.J., Rientjes, T.H.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) Attribution of changes in the water balance of a tropical catchment to land use change using the SWAT model, Hydrological Processes, 31(11): 2029–2040. PDF

Mathioudakis, V., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Van der Meer, T.H. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) The water footprint of second-generation bioenergy: A comparison of biomass feedstocks and conversion techniques, Journal of Cleaner Production, 148: 571-582. PDF

Rustanto, A., Booij, M.J., Wösten, H. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) Application and recalibration of soil water retention pedotransfer functions in a tropical upstream catchment: case study in Bengawan Solo, Indonesia, Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, doi:10.1515/johh-2017-0020. PDF

Schyns, J.F., Booij, M.J. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) The water footprint of wood for lumber, pulp, paper, fuel and firewood, Advances in Water Resources, doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2017.05.013. PDF

Zhuo, L. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) The effect of different agricultural management practices on irrigation efficiency, water use efficiency and green and blue water footprint, Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering, 4(2): 185-194. PDF

2016

Bosire, C.K., Krol, M.S., Mekonnen, M.M., Ogutu, J.O., De Leeuw, J., Lannerstad, M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) Meat and milk production scenarios and the associated land footprint in Kenya, Agricultural Systems, 145: 64–75. PDF

Da Silva, V.P.R., De Oliveira, S.D., Hoekstra, A.Y., Dantas Neto, J., Campos, J.H.B.C., Braga, C.C., De Araújo, L.E., Aleixo, D.O., De Brito, J.I.B., De Souza, M.D. and De Holanda, R.M. (2016) Water footprint and virtual water trade of Brazil, Water, 8(11): 517. PDF

Ercin, A.E. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) European water footprint scenarios for 2050, Water, 8(6): 226. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) A critique on the water-scarcity weighted water footprint in LCA, Ecological Indicators, 66: 564-573. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y., Chapagain, A.K. and Zhang, G.P. (2016) Water footprints and sustainable water allocation, Sustainability, 8(1): 20. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Mekonnen, M.M. (2016) Imported water risk: the case of the UK, Environmental Research Letters, 11(5): 055002. PDF

Huang, Y., Salama, M.S., Su, Z., Van der Velde, R., Zheng, D., Krol, M.S., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Zhou, Y. (2016) Effects of roughness length parameterizations on regional-scale land surface modeling of alpine grasslands in the Yangtze River Basin, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 17(4): 1069-1085. PDF

McMillan, H., et al. (2016) Panta Rhei 2013-2015: Global perspectives on hydrology, society and change, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 61(7): 1174-1191. PDF

Mekonnen, M.M., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) Future electricity: The challenge of reducing both carbon and water footprint, Science of the Total Environment, 569–570: 1282–1288. PDF

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) Four billion people facing severe water scarcity, Science Advances, 2(2): e1500323. PDF

Zeitoun, M.,  Lankford, B., Krueger, T., Forsyth, T., Carter, R., Hoekstra, A.Y., Taylor, R., Varis, O., Cleaver, F.,  Boelens, R., Swatuk, L., Tickner, D.,  Scott, C.A., Mirumachi, N. and Matthews, N. (2016) Reductionist and integrative research approaches to complex water security policy challenges, Global Environmental Change, 39: 143-154. PDF

Zheng, D., Van der Velde, R., Su, Z., Wen, J., Wang, X., Booij, M.J., Hoekstra, A.Y., Lv, S., Zhang, Y. and Ek, M.B. (2016) Impacts of Noah model physics on catchment-scale runoff simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121(2): 807–832. PDF

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) The effect of inter-annual variability of consumption, production, trade and climate on crop-related green and blue water footprints and inter-regional virtual water trade: A study for China (1978-2008), Water Research, 94: 73–85. PDF

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) Consumptive water footprint and virtual water trade scenarios for China - with a focus on crop production, consumption and trade, Environment International, 94: 211–223. PDF

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) Benchmark levels for the consumptive water footprint of crop production for different environmental conditions: A case study for winter wheat in China, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 20(11): 4547–4559. PDF

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Wada, Y. (2016) Inter- and intra-annual variation of water footprint of crops and blue water scarcity in the Yellow River Basin (1961-2009), Advances in Water Resources, 87: 21-41. PDF

2015

Bosire, C.K., Ogutu, J.O., Said, M.Y., Krol, M.S., De Leeuw, J. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) Trends and spatial variation in water and land footprints of meat and milk production systems in Kenya, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 205: 36-47. PDF

Chouchane, H., Hoekstra, A.Y., Krol, M.S. and Mekonnen, M.M. (2015) Water footprint of Tunisia from an economic perspective, Ecological Indicators, 52: 311-319. PDF

Chukalla, A.D., Krol, M.S. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) Green and blue water footprint reduction in irrigated agriculture: Effect of irrigation techniques, irrigation strategies and mulching, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 19(12): 4877–4891. PDF

De Miguel, A., Hoekstra, A.Y. and García-Calvo, E. (2015) Sustainability of the water footprint of the Spanish pork industry, Ecological Indicators, 57: 465-474. PDF

Demirel, M.C., Booij, M.J. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) The skill of seasonal ensemble low-flow forecasts in the Moselle River for three different hydrological models, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 19(1): 275-291. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) The sustainability of a single activity, production process or product, Ecological Indicators, 57: 82–84. PDF

Huang, Y., Salama, M.S., Krol, M.S, Su, Z., Hoekstra, A.Y., Zeng, Y. and Zhou, Y. (2015) Estimation of human-induced changes in terrestrial water storage through integration of GRACE satellite detection and hydrological modeling: A case study of the Yangtze River basin, Water Resources Research, 51(10): 8494–8516. PDF

Jackson, N., Konar, M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) The water footprint of food aid, Sustainability, 7(6): 6435-6456. PDF

Linneman, M.H., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Berkhout, W. (2015) Ranking water transparency of Dutch stock-listed companies, Sustainability, 7(4): 4341-4359. PDF press release

Mankin, J.S., Viviroli, D., Singh, D., Hoekstra A.Y. and Diffenbaugh, N.S. (2015) The potential for snow to supply human water demand in the present and future, Environmental Research Letters, 10(11): 114016. PDF

Mekonnen, M.M., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) The consumptive water footprint of electricity and heat: A global assessment, Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology, 1(3): 285-297. PDF

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) Global gray water footprint and water pollution levels related to anthropogenic nitrogen loads to fresh water, Environmental Science and Technology, 49(21): 12860−12868. PDF

Mekonnen, M.M., Pahlow, M., Aldaya, M.M., Zarate, E. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) Sustainability, efficiency and equitability of water consumption and pollution in Latin America and the Caribbean, Sustainability, 7(2): 2086-2112. PDF

Pahlow, M., Van Oel, P.R., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) Increasing pressure on freshwater resources due to terrestrial feed ingredients for aquaculture production, Science of the Total Environment, 536: 847–857. PDF

Schyns, J.F., Hamaideh, A., Hoekstra, A.Y., Mekonnen, M.M. and Schyns, M. (2015) Mitigating the risk of extreme water scarcity and dependency: The case of Jordan, Water, 7(10): 5705-5730. PDF

Schyns, J.F., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Booij, M.J. (2015) Review and classification of indicators of green water availability and scarcity, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 19(11): 4581-4608. PDF

Vörösmarty, C.J., Hoekstra, A.Y., Bunn, S.E., Conway, D. and Gupta, J. (2015) Fresh water goes global, Science, 349 (6247): 478-479. PDF press release

Zheng, D., Van der Velde, R., Su, Z., Wang, X., Wen, J., Booij, M.J., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Chen, Y. (2015) Augmentations to the Noah model physics for application to the Yellow River source area: Part I. Soil water flow, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 16(6): 2659-2676. PDF

Zheng, D., Van der Velde, R., Su, Z., Wang, X., Wen, J., Booij, M.J., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Chen, Y. (2015) Augmentations to the Noah model physics for application to the Yellow River source area: Part II. Turbulent heat fluxes and soil heat transport, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 16(6): 2677–2694. PDF

Zheng, D., Van der Velde, R., Su, Z., Wen, J., Booij, M.J., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Wang, X. (2015) Under-canopy turbulence and root water uptake of a Tibetan meadow ecosystem modeled by Noah-MP, Water Resources Research, 51(7): 5735–5755. PDF

2014

Cazcarro, I., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Sánchez Chóliz, J. (2014) The water footprint of tourism in Spain, Tourism Management, 40: 90-101. PDF

Ercin, A.E. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Water footprint scenarios for 2050: A global analysis, Environment International, 64: 71-82. PDF

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Xu, L., De Vries, G.J. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) The blue water footprint and land use of biofuels from algae, Water Resources Research, 50(11): 8549-8563. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Water scarcity challenges to business, Nature Climate Change, 4(5): 318-320. PDF press release

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Water for animal products: a blind spot in water policy, Environmental Research Letters, 9(9): 091003. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Sustainable, efficient and equitable water use: The three pillars under wise freshwater allocation, WIREs Water, 1(1): 31-40. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Wiedmann, T.O. (2014) Humanity's unsustainable environmental footprint, Science, 344(6188): 1114-1117. PDF press release

Leskens, J.G., Brugnach, M., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Schuurmans, W. (2014) Why are decisions in flood disaster management so poorly supported by information from flood models? Environmental Modelling and Software, 53: 53-61. PDF

Leskens, J.G. Brugnach, M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Application of an Interactive Water Simulation Model in urban water management: A case study in Amsterdam, Water Science & Technology, 70(11): 1729-1739. PDF

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Water conservation through trade: The case of Kenya, Water International, 39(4): 451-468. PDF

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Water footprint benchmarks for crop production: A first global assessment, Ecological Indicators, 46: 214-223. PDF

Orlowsky, B., Hoekstra, A.Y., Gudmundsson, L. and Seneviratne, S.I. (2014) Today’s virtual water consumption and trade under future water scarcity, Environmental Research Letters, 9(7): 074007. PDF

Romaguera, M., Salama, M.S., Krol, M.S., Hoekstra A.Y. and Su, Z. (2014) Towards the improvement of blue water evapotranspiration estimates by combining remote sensing and model simulation, Remote Sensing, 6(8): 7026-7049. PDF

Romaguera, M., Krol, M.S., Salama, M.S., Su, Z. and Hoekstra A.Y.(2014) Application of a remote sensing method for estimating monthly blue water evapotranspiration in irrigated agriculture, Remote Sensing, 6(10): 10033-10050. PDF

Savenije, H.H.G., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Van der Zaag, P. (2014) Evolving water science in the Anthropocene, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18(1): 319-332. PDF

Schyns, J.F. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) The added value of Water Footprint Assessment for national water policy: A case study for Morocco, PLOS ONE, 9(6): e99705. PDF Traduction française: La valeur ajoutée de l’evaluation d’empreinte eau pour la politique national de l’eau: Une etude de cas pour le Maroc. PDF

Van den Hoek, R.E., Brugnach, M., Mulder, J.P.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Analysing the cascades of uncertainty in flood defence projects: How "not knowing enough" is related to "knowing differently", Global Environmental Change, 24(1): 373-388. PDF

Van den Hoek, R.E., Brugnach, M., Mulder, J.P.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Uncovering the origin of ambiguity in nature-inclusive flood infrastructure projects, Ecology and Society, 19(2): 51. PDF

Zheng, D., Van der Velde, R., Su, Z., Booij, M.J. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Assessment of roughness length schemes implemented within the Noah land surface model for high-altitude regions, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 15(3): 921-937. PDF

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Sensitivity and uncertainty in crop water footprint accounting: A case study for the Yellow River basin, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18(6): 2219-2234. PDF

2013

Boulay, A.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Vionnet, S. (2013) Complementarities of water-focused Life Cycle Assessment and Water Footprint Assessment, Environmental Science and Technology, 47(21): 11926-11927. PDF

Demirel, M.C., Booij, M.J. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) Impacts of climate change on the seasonality of low flows in 134 catchments in the River Rhine basin using an ensemble of bias-corrected regional climate simulations, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 17(10): 4241-4257. PDF

Demirel, M.C., Booij, M.J. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) Effect of different uncertainty sources on the skill of 10 day ensemble low flow forecasts for two hydrological models, Water Resources Research, 49(7): 4035-4053. PDF

Demirel, M.C., Booij, M.J. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) Identification of appropriate lags and temporal resolutions for low flow indicators in the River Rhine to forecast low flows with different lead times, Hydrological Processes, 27(19): 2742-2758. PDF

Ercin, A.E., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) Sustainability of national consumption from a water resources perspective: The case study for France, Ecological Economics, 88: 133-147. PDF

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) The water footprint of poultry, pork and beef: A comparative study in different countries and production systems, Water Resources and Industry, 1-2: 25-36. PDF

Huang, Y., Salama, M.S., Krol, M.S., Van der Velde, R., Hoekstra, A.Y., Zhou, Y. and Su, Z. (2013) Analysis of long-term terrestrial water storage variations in Yangtze River Basin, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 17(5): 1985-2000. PDF

Vanham, D., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Bidoglio, G. (2013) Potential water saving through changes in European diets, Environment International, 61: 45-56. PDF

Vanham, D. Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) The water footprint of the EU for different diets, Ecological Indicators, 32: 1-8. PDF

Zhang, G.P., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Mathews, R.E. (2013) Water Footprint Assessment (WFA) for better water governance and sustainable development, Water Resources and Industry, 1-2: 1-6. PDF

2012

Ene, S.A., Hoekstra, A.Y., Mekonnen, M.M. and Teodosiu, C. (2012) Water footprint assessment in North Eastern region of Romania: A case study for Iasi County, Romania, Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 13(2): 506-516. PDF

Ercin, A.E., Aldaya, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) The water footprint of soy milk and soy burger and equivalent animal products, Ecological Indicators, 18: 392-402. PDF

Gerbens-Leenes, W. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) The water footprint of sweeteners and bio-ethanol, Environment International, 40(1): 202-211. PDF.

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Van Lienden, A.R., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Van der Meer, Th.H. (2012) Biofuel scenarios in a water perspective: The global blue and green water footprint of road transport in 2030, Global Environmental Change, 22(3): 764-775. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) Computer-supported games and role plays in teaching water management, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 16(8): 2985-2994. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) The hidden water resource use behind meat and dairy, Animal Frontiers, 2(2): 3-8. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Mekonnen, M.M. (2012) From water footprint assessment to policy, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(22): E1425. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Mekonnen, M.M. (2012) The water footprint of humanity, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(9): 3232–3237. PDF press release

Hoekstra, A.Y., Mekonnen, M.M., Chapagain, A.K., Mathews, R.E. and Richter, B.D. (2012) Global monthly water scarcity: Blue water footprints versus blue water availability, PLoS ONE 7(2): e32688. PDF press release

Jefferies, D., Muñoz, I., Hodges, J., King, V.J., Aldaya, M., Ercin, A.E. Milà-i-Canals, L. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) Water footprint and life cycle assessment as approaches to assess potential impacts of products on water consumption: Key learning points from pilot studies on tea and margarine, Journal of Cleaner Production, 33: 155-166. PDF

Liu, C., Kroeze, C., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Gerbens-Leenes, W. (2012) Past and future trends in grey water footprints of anthropogenic nitrogen and phosphorus inputs to major world rivers, Ecological Indicators, 18: 42-49. PDF

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) A global assessment of the water footprint of farm animal products, Ecosystems, 15(3): 401-415. PDF

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) The blue water footprint of electricity from hydropower, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 16(1): 179-187. PDF

Mekonnen, M.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Becht, R. (2012) Mitigating the water footprint of export cut flowers from the Lake Naivasha Basin, Kenya, Water Resources Management, 26(13): 3725-3742. PDF

Romaguera, M., Krol, M.S., Salama, M.S., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Su, Z. (2012) Determining irrigated areas and quantifying blue water use in Europe using remote sensing Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) products and Global Land Data Assimilation System (GLDAS) data, Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 78(8): 861-873. PDF

Van de Giesen, N., Van der Zaag, P. and Hoekstra, A. (2012) Recent advances in water resources management, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 47-48: 1.

Van den Hoek, R.E., Brugnach, M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) Shifting to ecological engineering in flood management: Introducing new uncertainties in the development of a Building with Nature pilot project, Environmental Science and Policy, 22: 85-99. PDF

Van der Woerd, F., Hoekstra, A., Kern, K., Leuven, R. and Moll, H. (2012) Introduction, Special Issue Climate Proofing Cities, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 64: 1-2.

Van Oel, P.R. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) Towards quantification of the water footprint of paper: A first estimate of its consumptive component, Water Resources Management, 26(3): 733-749. PDF

Van Oel, P.R., Krol, M.S. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) Application of multi-agent simulation to evaluate the influence of reservoir operation strategies on the distribution of water availability in the semi-arid Jaguaribe basin, Brazil, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 47-48: 173-181. PDF

Zeng, Z., Liu, J., Koeneman, P.H., Zarate, E. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) Assessing water footprint at river basin level: a case study for the Heihe River Basin in northwest China, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 16(8): 2771-2781. PDF

2011

Bijlsma, R.M., Bots, P.W.G., Wolters, H.A. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) An empirical analysis of stakeholders’ influence on policy development: the role of uncertainty handling, Ecology and Society, 16(1): 51. PDF

Chapagain, A.K. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) The blue, green and grey water footprint of rice from production and consumption perspectives, Ecological Economics, 70(4): 749-758. PDF

Ercin, A.E., Aldaya, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) Corporate water footprint accounting and impact assessment: The case of the water footprint of a sugar-containing carbonated beverage, Water Resources Management, 25(2): 721-741. PDF

Gerbens-Leenes, W. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) The water footprint of biofuel-based transport, Energy and Environmental Science, 4(8): 2658-2668. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) The global dimension of water governance: Why the river basin approach is no longer sufficient and why cooperative action at global level is needed, Water, 3(1): 21-46. PDF

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) The green, blue and grey water footprint of crops and derived crop products, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15(5): 1577-1600. PDF

Van Oel, P.R., Krol, M.S. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) Downstreamness: a concept to analyze basin closure, Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 137(5): 404-411. PDF

2010

Aldaya, M.M., Allan, J.A., and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) Strategic importance of green water in international crop trade, Ecological Economics, 69(4): 887-894. PDF

Aldaya, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) The water needed for Italians to eat pasta and pizza, Agricultural Systems, 103(6): 351-360. PDF

Bulsink, F., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Booij, M.J., (2010) The water footprint of Indonesian provinces related to the consumption of crop products, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 14(1): 119-128. PDF

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) A global and high-resolution assessment of the green, blue and grey water footprint of wheat, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 14(7): 1259-1276. PDF

Janssen, J.A.E.B., Krol, M.S., Schielen, R.M.J. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) The effect of modelling expert knowledge and uncertainty on multicriteria decision making: A river management case study, Environmental Science and Policy, 13(3): 229-238. PDF

Janssen, J.A.E.B., Krol, M.S., Schielen, R.M.J., Hoekstra, A.Y. and De Kok, J.L. (2010) Assessment of uncertainties in expert knowledge, illustrated in fuzzy rule-based models, Ecological Modelling, 221(9): 1245-1251. PDF

Romaguera, M., Hoekstra, A.Y., Su, Z., Krol, M.S. and Salama, M.S. (2010) Potential of using remote sensing techniques for global assessment of water footprint of crops, Remote Sensing, 2(4): 1177-1196. PDF

Van Oel, P.R., Krol, M.S., Hoekstra, A.Y., Taddei, R.R. (2010) Feedback mechanisms between water availability and water use in a semi-arid river basin: a geographically explicit multi-agent simulation approach, Environmental Modelling and Software, 25(4): 433-443. PDF

2009

Gerbens-Leenes, W., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Van der Meer, T.H. (2009) The water footprint of bioenergy, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(25): 10219-10223. PDF

Gerbens-Leenes, W., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Van der Meer, T.H. (2009) A global estimate of the water footprint of Jatropha curcas under limited data availability, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(40): E113. PDF

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Van der Meer, Th. (2009) The water footprint of energy from biomass: A quantitative assessment and consequences of an increasing share of bio-energy in energy supply, Ecological Economics, 68(4): 1052-1060. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2009) Human appropriation of natural capital: A comparison of ecological footprint and water footprint analysis, Ecological Economics, 68(7): 1963-1974. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y., Gerbens-Leenes, W. and Van der Meer, T.H. (2009) The water footprint of Jatropha curcas under poor growing conditions, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(42): E119. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y., Gerbens-Leenes, W. and Van der Meer, T.H. (2009) Water footprint accounting, impact assessment, and life-cycle assessment, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(40): E114. PDF

Janssen, J.E.A.B., Hoekstra, A.Y., De Kok, J.-L. and Schielen R.M.J., (2009) Delineating the model-stakeholder gap: framing perceptions to analyse the information requirement in river management, Water Resources Management, 23(7): 1423-1445. PDF

Oost, J. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2009) Flood damage reduction by compartmentalization of a dike ring: comparing the effectiveness of three strategies, Journal of Flood Risk Management, 2(4): 315–321. PDF

Van Oel, P.R., Krol, M.S., Hoekstra, A.Y. (2009) A river basin as a common-pool resource: a case study for the Jaguaribe basin in the semi-arid Northeast of Brazil, International Journal of River Basin Management, 7(4): 345-353. PDF

Van Oel, P.R., Mekonnen M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2009) The external water footprint of the Netherlands: Geographically-explicit quantification and impact assessment, Ecological Economics, 69(1): 82-92. PDF

Verma, S., Kampman, D.A., Van der Zaag, P. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2009) Going against the flow: A critical analysis of inter-state virtual water trade in the context of India’s National River Linking Program, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 34(4-5): 261-269. PDF

2008

Chapagain, A.K. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2008) The global component of freshwater demand and supply: An assessment of virtual water flows between nations as a result of trade in agricultural and industrial products, Water International, 33(1): 19-32. PDF

De Hamer, W., Love, D., Owen, R., Booij, M.J. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2008) Potential water supply of a small reservoir and alluvial aquifer system in southern Zimbabwe, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 33(8-13): 633-639. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. and De Kok, J.L. (2008) Adapting to climate change: A comparison of two strategies for dike heightening, Natural Hazards, 47(2): 217–228. PDF

Van Oel, P.R., Krol, M.S., Hoekstra, A.Y. and De Araújo, J.C. (2008) The impact of upstream water abstractions on reservoir yield: the case of the Orós reservoir in Brazil, Hydrological Sciences Journal 53(4): 857-867. PDF

2007

Berrittella, M., Hoekstra, A.Y., Rehdanz, K., Roson, R. and Tol, R.S.J. (2007) The economic impact of restricted water supply: A computable general equilibrium analysis, Water Research, 41(8): 1799-1813. PDF

Bijlsma, R.M., Groenendijk, P., Blind, M.W., Hoekstra, A.Y. (2007) Uncertainty analysis at large scales: limitations and subjectivity of current practices – a water quality case study, Water Science and Technology, 56(6): 1-9. PDF

Chapagain, A.K., and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2007) The water footprint of coffee and tea consumption in the Netherlands, Ecological Economics, 64(1): 109-118. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Chapagain, A.K. (2007) Water footprints of nations: water use by people as a function of their consumption pattern, Water Resources Management, 21(1): 35-48. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Chapagain, A.K. (2007) The water footprints of Morocco and the Netherlands: Global water use as a result of domestic consumption of agricultural commodities, Ecological Economics, 64(1): 143-151. PDF

2006

Chapagain, A.K., Hoekstra, A.Y., Savenije, H.H.G. and Gautam, R. (2006) The water footprint of cotton consumption: An assessment of the impact of worldwide consumption of cotton products on the water resources in the cotton producing countries, Ecological Economics, 60(1): 186-203. PDF

Chapagain, A.K., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Savenije, H.H.G. (2006) Water saving through international trade of agricultural products, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 10(3): 455-468. PDF

Ma, J., Hoekstra, A.Y., Wang, H., Chapagain, A.K. and Wang, D. (2006) Virtual versus real water transfers within China, Phil. Trans. Royal Society London B, 361(1469): 835-842. PDF

2005

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Hung, P.Q. (2005) Globalisation of water resources: International virtual water flows in relation to crop trade, Global Environmental Change, 15(1): 45-56. PDF

Van Ogtrop, F.F., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Van der Meulen, F. (2005) Flood management in the Lower Incomati river basin, Mozambique: Two alternatives, Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 41(3): 607-619. PDF

1998-2004

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2003) Water scarcity in the Zambezi basin in the long-term future: A risk assessment, Integrated Assessment, 4(3): 185-204. PDF

Seyam, I.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Savenije, H.H.G. (2003) The water value-flow concept, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 28(4-5): 175-182. PDF

Seyam, I.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Savenije, H.H.G. (2002) Calculation methods to assess the value of upstream water flows and storage as a function of downstream benefits, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 27(11-22): 977-982. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y., Savenije, H.H.G. and Chapagain, A.K. (2001) An integrated approach towards assessing the value of water: A case study on the Zambezi basin, Integrated Assessment, 2(4): 199-208. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2000) Water supply in the long term: a risk assessment, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 25(3): 221-226. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (1998) Appreciation of water: Four perspectives, Water Policy, 1(6): 605-622. PDF

Book chapters

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) Water footprint assessment in supply chains. In: Bouchery, Y., Corbett, C.J., Fransoo, J.C. and Tan, T. (eds.) Sustainable supply chains: A research-based textbook on operations and strategy, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 65-85. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) Scarcity of water. In: Ritzer, G. (ed.) Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of sociology, 2nd Edition. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) The water footprint: The relation between human consumption and water use. In: Antonelli M. and Greco F. (eds.) The water we eat: Combining virtual water and water footprints, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 35-48. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) The water footprint of industry. In: Klemeš, J.J. (ed.) Assessing and measuring environmental impact and sustainability, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, UK, pp. 221-254. request copy

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) The meat eater, a big water user. In: Soeters, K. (ed.) Meat the future: How cutting meat consumption can feed billions more, Nicolaas G. Pierson Foundation, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, pp. 87-99. request copy

Connor, R., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Koncagül, E. (2014) Data challenges and opportunities. In: UN Water, The United Nations World Water Development Report 2014: Water and Energy, UNESCO, Paris, France, pp. 44-46.

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) Nederland waterland, kwetsbaar en afhankelijk, In: Thieme, M. (ed.) Méér!, Uitgeverij Jan van Arkel, Utrecht, the Netherlands, pp. 15-25. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) L’impronta idrica: uno strumento per mettere in relazione i nostri consumi con l’uso dell’acqua. In: Antonelli M., and Greco F. (eds.) L’acqua che mangiamo: Cos’è l’acqua virtuale e come la consumiamo, Edizioni Ambiente, Milan, Italy, pp. 57-71. PDF

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Van der Meer, T.H. (2012) Water for bioenergy: A global analysis. In: Gasparatos, A. and Stromberg, P. (eds.) Socioeconomic and environmental impacts of biofuels: Evidence from developing nations, Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, USA, pp.69-89.

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) Water footprint accounting. In: Godfrey, J.M. and Chalmers, K. (eds.) Water accounting: International approaches to policy and decision-making, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 58-75. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) Water. In: Ritzer, G., The Wiley-Blackwell encyclopedia of globalization, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, pp. 2202-2210. PDF

Chapagain, A.K. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) The blue, green and grey water footprint of rice from both a production and consumption perspective. In: Martínez-Cortina, L., Garrido, A. and López-Gunn, E. (eds.) Re-thinking water and food security, CRC Press, Leiden, the Netherlands, pp. 219-250.

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) The globalization of water. In: Jones, J.A.A. (ed.) Water Sustainability: A global perspective, Hodder Education, London, UK, pp. 170-172.

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) The water footprint of animal products. In: D'Silva, J. and Webster, J. (eds.) The meat crisis: Developing more sustainable production and consumption, Earthscan, London, UK, pp. 22-33. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Van der Meer, T.H. (2010) The water footprint of bio-energy. In: Howe, C., Smith, J.B. and Henderson, J. (eds.) Climate change and water: International perspectives on mitigation and adaptation, American Water Works Association, IWA Publishing, London, UK, pp. 81-95. PDF

Bockarjova, M., Steenge, A.E. and Hoekstra A.Y. (2009) Management of flood catastrophes: An emerging paradigm shift?. In: Reinhard, S. and Folmer, H. (eds.), Water policy in the Netherlands: Integrated management in a densely populated area, RFF Press, Washington, D.C., USA, pp. 70-90. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2009) Water security of nations: How international trade affects national water scarcity and dependency. In: Jones, J.A.A., Vardanian, T.G. and Hakopian, C., Threats to global water security, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security, Springer, Berlin, Germany, pp. 27-36. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2008) Water scarcity and international trade: The need to extend the scope of water resources management. In: Bastian, C., Gunkel, A., Leistert, H., Menniken, T., Rhodius, R. and Schlipphak, B., Wasser – Konfliktstoff des 21. Jahrhunderts, Universitätsverlag Winter, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 121-141. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2008) The relation between international trade and water resources management. In: K.P. Gallagher (ed.) Handbook on trade and the environment, Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 116-125. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2008) The water footprint of food. In: Förare, J. (ed.) Water for food, The Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (Formas), Stockholm, Sweden, pp. 49-60. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2007) Virtual water: measuring flows around the world. In: Trimble, S.W. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Water Science, Taylor & Francis, New York, NY, USA. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2007) Water footprints: the water needs of people in relation to their consumption pattern. In: Trimble, S.W. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Water Science, Taylor & Francis, New York, NY, USA. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2005) Globalization of water. In: J.H. Lehr and J. Keeley (eds.) Water Encyclopedia, Volume 2: Water Quality and Resource Development, Wiley-Interscience, Hoboken, NJ, USA.

Hoekstra, A.Y., Savenije, H.H.G., and Chapagain, A.K. (2003) The value of rainfall: upscaling economic benefits to the catchment scale, In: Proceedings SIWI Seminar ‘Towards catchment hydrosolidarity in a world of uncertainties’, Stockholm, August 16, 2003, Report 18, Stockholm International Water Institute, Stockholm, Sweden, pp. 63-68. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Huynen, M. (2002) Balancing the world water demand and supply. In: P. Martens and J. Rotmans (eds.) Transitions in a globalising world, Swets & Zeitlinger Publishers, Lisse, the Netherlands, pp. 17-35.

Savenije, H.H.G. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2002) Water resources management. In: Knowledge for Sustainable Development: An insight into the Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Vol. II, UNESCO Publishing, Paris, France / EOLSS Publishers, Oxford, UK, pp. 155-180. PDF

Van de Giesen, N., Mata, L.J., Doll, P., Hoekstra, A., Pfeffer, M., and Ramirez, J.A. (2001) Modeling water availability: Scaling issues, In: E. Ehlers and T. Krafft (eds.) Understanding the Earth system: Compartments, processes and interactions, Springer, Berlin, Germany, pp. 245-253.

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2000) Integrated water modelling. In: Nachhaltige Wasserbewirtschaftung und Landnutzung: Methoden und Instrumente der Entscheidungsfinding und –umsetzung, UFZ-Bericht Nr.24/2000, UFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle, Leipzig, Germany, pp. 29-30.

De Vries, B.J.M., Rotmans, J., Beusen, A.H.W., Hilderink, H.B.M., Den Elzen, M.G.J., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Strengers, B.J. (1997) The larger picture: utopian futures. In: J. Rotmans and H.J.M. de Vries (eds.) Perspectives on global change: The TARGETS approach, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 373-394.

De Vries, B.J.M., Rotmans, J., Hilderink, H.B.M., Den Elzen, M.G.J., Beusen, A.H.W., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Strengers, B.J. (1997) Uncertainty and risk: dystopian futures. In: J. Rotmans and H.J.M. de Vries (eds.) Perspectives on global change: The TARGETS approach, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 397-415.

De Vries, B.J.M., Rotmans, J., Beusen, A.H.W., Den Elzen, M.G.J., Hilderink, H.B.M., Hoekstra, A.Y., Janssen, M.A., Niessen, L.W., Strengers, B.J. and Van Asselt, M.B.A. (1997) Global change – fresh insights, no simple answers. In: J. Rotmans and H.J.M. de Vries (eds.) Perspectives on global change: The TARGETS approach, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 419-433.

Hoekstra, A.Y. (1997) The water submodel: AQUA. In: J. Rotmans and H.J.M. de Vries (eds.) Perspectives on global change: The TARGETS approach, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 107-134.

Hoekstra, A.Y., Beusen, A.H.W., Hilderink, H.B.M., and Van Asselt, M.B.A. (1997) Water in crisis? In: J. Rotmans and H.J.M. de Vries (eds.) Perspectives on global change: The TARGETS approach, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 291-317.

Rotmans, J., Van Asselt, M.B.A., De Vries, B.J.M., Beusen, A.H.W., Den Elzen, M.G.J., Hilderink, H.B.M., Hoekstra, A.Y., Janssen, M.A., Köster, H.W., Niessen, L.W. and Strengers, B.J. (1997) The TARGETS model. In: J. Rotmans and H.J.M. de Vries (eds.) Perspectives on global change: The TARGETS approach, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 35-54.

Rotmans, J., De Vries, B.J.M., Van Asselt, M.B.A., Beusen, A.H.W., Den Elzen, M.G.J., Hilderink, H.B.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Strengers, B.J. (1997) Towards an integrated assessment of global change. In: J. Rotmans and H.J.M. de Vries (eds.) Perspectives on global change: The TARGETS approach, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 225-238.

Hoekstra, A.Y. (1996) Water policy and sustainable development: An integrated approach. In: W. Fischer, C.R. Karger and F. Wendland (eds.) Wasser: Nachhaltige Gewinnung und Verwendung eines lebenswichtigen Rohstoffs Konferenzen des Forschungszentrums Jülich, Band 16, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Germany, pp. 231-255.

Reports

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) Water footprint and virtual water trade of China: Past and future, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 69, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Pahlow, M., Krol, M.S. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) Assessment of measures to reduce the water footprint of cotton farming in India, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 68, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Schyns, J.F. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) The water footprint in Morocco: The added value of Water Footprint Assessment for national water policy, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 67, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Mekonnen, M.M., Pahlow, M., Aldaya, M.M., Zarate, E. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Water Footprint Assessment for Latin America and the Caribbean: An analysis of the sustainability, efficiency and equitability of water consumption and pollution, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 66, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Franke, N.A., Boyacioglu, H. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) Grey water footprint accounting: Tier 1 supporting guidelines, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 65, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) Water footprint benchmarks for crop production, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 64, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) Wise freshwater allocation: Water footprint caps by river basin, benchmarks by product and fair water footprint shares by community, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 63, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) Sensitivity and uncertainty in crop water footprint accounting: A case study for the Yellow River Basin, Value of Water Research Report Series No.62, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Chouchane, H., Hoekstra, A.Y., Krol, M.S. and Mekonnen, M.M. (2013) Water footprint of Tunisia from an economic perspective, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 61, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

McGlade, J., Werner, B., Young, M., Matlock, M., Jefferies, D., Sonnemann, G., Aldaya, M., Pfister, S., Berger, M., Farell, C., Hyde, K., Wackernagel, M., Hoekstra, A., Mathews, R., Liu, J., Ercin, E., Weber, J.L., Alfieri, A., Martinez-Lagunes, R., Edens, B., Schulte, P., von Wirén-Lehr, S. and Gee, D. (2012) Measuring water use in a green economy, United Nations Environment Programme, Paris, France. PDF

Ercin, A.E. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) Carbon and water footprints: Concepts, methodologies and policy responses, United Nations World Water Assessment Programme, Side Publications Series No.4, UNESCO, Paris. PDF

Zhang G.P., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Tickner, D. (eds.) (2012) Proceedings of the session "Solving the Water Crisis: Common Action Toward a Sustainable Water Footprint", Planet under Pressure Conference, London, 26 March 2012, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 60, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Ercin, A.E. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) Water footprint scenarios for 2050: A global analysis and case study for Europe, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 59, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y., Booij, M.J., Hunink, J.C. and Meijer, K.S. (2012) Blue water footprint of agriculture, industry, households and water management in the Netherlands: An exploration of using the Netherlands Hydrological Instrument, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 58, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Ercin, A.E., Mekonnen, M.M and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) The water footprint of Switzerland, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 57, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Ercin, A.E., Mekonnen, M.M and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) The water footprint of France, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 56, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) A comparative study on the water footprint of poultry, pork and beef in different countries and production systems, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 55, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y., Aldaya, M.M. and Avril, B. (eds.) (2011) Proceedings of the ESF Strategic Workshop on accounting for water scarcity and pollution in the rules of international trade, Amsterdam, 25-26 November 2010, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 54, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Mekonnen, M.M. (2011) Global water scarcity: monthly blue water footprint compared to blue water availability for the world’s major river basins, Value of Water Research Report Series No.53, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) The relation between national water management and international trade: A case study for Kenya, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 52, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) The water footprint of electricity from hydropower, Value of Water Research Report Series No.51, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) National water footprint accounts: the green, blue and grey water footprint of production and consumption, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 50, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. Vol.1 PDF Vol.2 PDF

Ercin, A.E., Aldaya, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) The water footprint of soy milk and soy burger and equivalent animal products, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 49, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) The green, blue and grey water footprint of farm animals and animal products, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 48, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. Vol.1 PDF Vol.2 PDF

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) The green, blue and grey water footprint of crops and derived crop products, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 47, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. Vol.1 PDF Vol.2 PDF

Van Oel, P.R. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) The green and blue water footprint of paper products: methodological considerations and quantification, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 46, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) Mitigating the water footprint of export cut flowers from the Lake Naivasha Basin, Kenya, Value of Water Research Report Series No.45, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) Burning water: The water footprint of biofuel-based transport, Value of Water Research Report Series No.44, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Van Lienden, A.R., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Van der Meer, Th.H. (2010) Biofuel scenarios in a water perspective: The global blue and green water footprint of road transport in 2030, Value of Water Research Report Series No.43, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) A global and high resolution of the green, blue and grey water footprint of wheat, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 42, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Aldaya, M.M., Muñoz, G. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) Water footprint of cotton, wheat and rice production in Central Asia, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 41, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Chapagain, A.K. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) The green, blue and grey water footprint of rice from both a production and consumption perspective, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 40, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) The relation between international trade and freshwater scarcity, Working paper ERSD-2010-05, January 2010, World Trade Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y., Chapagain, A.K., Aldaya, M.M. and Mekonnen, M.M. (2009) Water footprint manual: State of the art 2009, Water Footprint Network, Enschede, the Netherlands. PDF

Ercin, A.E., Aldaya, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2009) A pilot in corporate water footprint accounting and impact assessment: The water footprint of a sugar-containing carbonated beverage, Value of Water Research Report series No. 39, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2009) The water footprint of sweeteners and bio-ethanol from sugar cane, sugar beet and maize, Value of Water Research Report Series No.38, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Bulsink, F., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Booij, M.J. (2009) The water footprint of Indonesian provinces related to the consumption of crop products, Value of Water Research Report Series No.37, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Aldaya, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y.(2009) The water needed to have Italians eat pasta and pizza, Value of Water Research Report Series No.36, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Van der Meer, Th.H. (2008) The water footprint of bio-energy: Global water use for bio-ethanol, bio-diesel, heat and electricity, Value of Water Research Report Series No.34, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Van Oel, P.R., Mekonnen M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2008) The external water footprint of the Netherlands: Quantification and impact assessment, Value of Water Research Report Series No.33, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Kampman, D.A., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Krol, M.S. (2008) The water footprint of India, Value of Water Research Report Series No.32, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands.

Verma, S., Kampman, D.A., Van der Zaag, P. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2008) Going against the flow: A critical analysis of virtual water trade in the context of India’s National River Linking Programme, Value of Water Research Report Series No.31, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Van der Meer, Th.H. (2008) Water footprint of bio-energy and other primary energy carriers, Value of Water Research Report Series No.29, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2008) Water neutral: reducing and offsetting the impacts of water footprints, Value of Water Research Report Series No.28, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2008) Business water footprint accounting: A tool to assess how production of goods and services impacts on freshwater resources worldwide, Value of Water Research Report Series No.27, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Verkerk, M.P., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. (2008) Global water governance: Conceptual design of global institutional arrangements, Value of Water Research Report Series No.26, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Aldaya, M.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Allan, J.A. (2008) Strategic importance of green water in international crop trade, Value of Water Research Report Series No.25, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Van Oel, P.R., Krol, M.S. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2007) A river basin as a common-pool resource: a case study for the Jaguaribe basin in Brazil, Value of Water Research Report Series No.24, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2007) Human appropriation of natural capital: Comparing ecological footprint and water footprint analysis, Value of Water Research Report Series No.23, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Chapagain, A.K. (2006) The water footprints of Morocco and the Netherlands, Value of Water Research Report Series No.21, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2006) The global dimension of water governance: Nine reasons for global arrangements in order to cope with local water problems, Value of Water Research Report Series No.20, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Berrittella, M., Hoekstra, A.Y., Rehdanz, K., Roson, R., and Tol, R.S.J. (2005) The economic impact of restricted water supply: A computable general equilibrium analysis, Working Paper FNU-93, Hamburg University and Centre for Marine and Atmospheric Science, Hamburg, Germany.

Chapagain, A.K., Hoekstra, A.Y., Savenije, H.H.G. and Gautam, R. (2005) The water footprint of cotton consumption, Value of Water Research Report Series No.18, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Chapagain, A.K., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Savenije, H.H.G. (2005) Saving water through global trade, Value of Water Research Report Series No.17, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2005) Generalisme als specialisme: Waterbeheer in de context van duurzame ontwikkeling, globalisering, onzekerheden en risico’s, Inaugural address, University of Twente, Enschede. PDF

Chapagain, A.K. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2004) Water footprints of nations, Value of Water Research Report Series No.16, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. Vol.1 PDF Vol.2 PDF

Chapagain, A.K. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2003) The water needed to have the Dutch drink tea, Value of Water Research Report Series No.15, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Chapagain, A.K. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2003) The water needed to have the Dutch drink coffee, Value of Water Research Report Series No.14, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Douven, W.J.A.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Van Hofwegen, P.J.M. (2003) MRC Integrated Training Strategy and Programme, Mekong River Commission, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

Chapagain, A.K. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2003) Virtual water flows between nations in relation to international trade in livestock and livestock products, Value of Water Research Report Series No.13, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (ed.) (2003) Virtual water trade: Proceedings of the International Expert Meeting on Virtual Water Trade, Delft, The Netherlands, 12-13 December 2002, Value of Water Research Report Series No.12, IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Hung, P.Q. (2002) Virtual water trade: a quantification of virtual water flows between nations in relation to international crop trade, Value of Water Research Report Series No.11, IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y., Olde Venterink, H., Ruijgh, E.F.W., and Van der Lee, G.E.M. (2002) Evaluation of floodplain management strategies: The added value of wetland rehabilitation, IHE, Delft, the Netherlands.

Seyam, I.M., Hoekstra, A.Y., and Savenije, H.H.G. (2001) Calculation methods to assess the value of upstream water flows and storage as a function of downstream benefits, Value of Water Research Report Series No.10, IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Seyam, I.M., Hoekstra, A.Y., Ngabirano, G.S., and Savenije, H.H.G. (2001) The value of freshwater wetlands in the Zambezi basin, Value of Water Research Report Series No.7, IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Agudelo, J.I. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2001) The economic valuation of water for agriculture: A simple method applied to the eight Zambezi basin countries, Value of Water Research Report Series No.6, IHE, Delft, the Netherlands.

Hoekstra, A.Y., W.J.A.M. Douven and E.H. Meesters (2001) The influence of human activities on the coral reefs in Banten Bay, West Java, Teluk Banten Research Program Report Series No. 6, IHE, Delft, the Netherlands.

Seyam, I.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2000) The water value-flow concept, Value of Water Research Report Series No.3, IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y., Savenije, H.H.G., and Chapagain, A.K. (2000) Water value flows: A case study on the Zambezi basin, Value of Water Research Report Series No.2, IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. and G. Baarse (eds.) (1998) Managing diffuse emissions of nutrients in the Rhine basin, Delft University of Technology, Delft, the Netherlands.

Hoekstra, A.Y. (1995) AQUA: A framework for integrated water policy analysis, RIVM Report No. 461502006 / GLOBO Report Series no. 6, RIVM, Bilthoven, the Netherlands.

Rotmans, J., M.B.A. van Asselt, A.J. de Bruin, M.G.J. den Elzen, J.de Greef, H. Hilderink, A.Y. Hoekstra, M.A. Janssen, H.W. Koster, W.J.M. Martens, L.W. Niessen and H.J.M. de Vries (1994) Global change and sustainable development: A modelling perspective for the next decade, GLOBO Report Series no. 4, RIVM, Bilthoven, the Netherlands.

Hoekstra, A.Y. and M. Hogeweg (1993) EQUEST, Ecological Quality Evaluation System: Documentation, Delft Hydraulics, Delft, the Netherlands.

Hoekstra, A.Y. (1993) A scientific framework for the planning of sustainable water resources management, Report T635, Delft Hydraulics, Delft, the Netherlands.

Eijsink, W.D., A.Y. Hoekstra and F.M.J. Hoozemans (1992) Nederlandse slufters, Report H1464, Delft Hydraulics, Delft, the Netherlands.

Hoekstra, A.Y. and G.B.M. Pedroli (1992) Sluftervorming en natuurontwikkeling, Report T857, Delft Hydraulics, Delft, the Netherlands.

Hoekstra, A.Y. (1992) Kwantificering van ecologische kwaliteit, Report T720, Delft Hydraulics, Delft, the Netherlands.

Hoekstra, A.Y. and A.A.M. de Savornin Lohman (1990) Integrated system for measuring the quality and quantity of water resources in Indonesia, M.Sc. thesis, Delft University of Technology, Delft, the Netherlands.

Magazine & newspaper articles and blogs

English

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) Is there enough land and water to harness renewable energy? China Dialogue, published 9 March 2017. link

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) Switching to biofuels could place unsustainable demands on water use, The Guardian, published 28 May 2015. link

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) To save water, change your diet, New York Times, The Opinion Pages: Room for Debate, published 29 June 2014. link

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) Massive misuse of fresh water: why isn’t the problem being addressed? Blog at Routledge, published 22 March 2013. link

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) The water footprint: water in the supply chain, Blog at The Broker Online, published online 21 February 2013. link

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) Reducing the water footprint in India, SustaiNuance, 2(3): 26-27. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) How sustainable is Europe’s water footprint? Water and Wastewater International, 26(2): 24-26. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) Understanding the water footprint of factory farming, Farm Animal Voice, 180: 14-15. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) The water footprint: the hidden cost of our meat consumption, blog at The Ecologist link

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) The water footprint: water in the supply chain, The Environmentalist, 93: 12-13. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) China’s water paradox, Sustain, 33: 12-13. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2008) Measuring your water footprint: What’s next in water strategy, Leading Perspectives, Summer 2008, pp. 12-13, 19. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2003) Virtual water trade between nations: A global mechanism affecting regional water systems, Global Change News Letter, IGBP, Issue No.54. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2003) Virtual water: An instrument in relieving the pressure on the world’s water resources? Stockholm Water Front, No.2, p.5. PDF

Dutch

Hoekstra, A., Prast, H. (2016) Water besparen? Korter douchen helpt niet, NRC, 16 november. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) Biobrandstoffen gebruiken veel te veel land en water, Trouw, 17 juni. PDF

Hoekstra (2014) World water footprint: Wat van ver komt… bevat veel water, P+ People Planet Profit, 12(2): 42-43. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. (2012) Voetafdruk geeft juiste stappen aan, Milieu, 2012(7): 42-44. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) Waterwijs in de supermarkt, Vakblad VMT, 44(21/22): 21. PDF

Keizer, A., Spijker, M., Hoekstra, A. and Booij, M. (2009) Leidraad beperking schade na doorbraak regionale waterkeringen, H2O 42(5): 36-38. PDF

Steinweg, C., Hoekstra, A. en Booij, M. (2008) Compartimentering in Friesland en Groningen om het overstromingsrisico te verminderen, H2O 41(14/15): 39-42. PDF

De Kok, J.L. and Hoekstra, A. (2008) Aanpassen aan klimaatverandering: twee strategieën voor dijkverhoging, H2O, 41(11): 35-38 PDF

Van Reedt Dortland, M., De Fijter, W. and Hoekstra, A. (2008) Vluchtplaatsen in zelfredzame cellen als oplossing bij overstromingen, H2O, 41(7): 50-54. PDF

Oost, J. and Hoekstra, A. (2007) Schadereductie door compartimentering in een dijkringgebied, H2O, 40(16): 44-47. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Chapagain, A.K. (2005) De water-voetafdruk van de Nederlanders en de wereldbevolking, H2O, 38(4): 37-41. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Chapagain, A.K. (2004) Eén kopje koffie kost gemiddeld 140 liter water, H2O, 37(5): 36-37. PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2003) Globalisering van de hulpbron water, H2O, 36(20): 17-19. PDF

Italian

Bacenetti, J., Lovarelli, D., Fiala, M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) L'impronta indrica di quello che mangiamo, Terra e Vita, n.14 (4 aprile). PDF

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) Impronta idrica, Slow Food, 45: 50-53. PDF

Spanish

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) La huella hídrica de la energía: resumiendo 10 años de investigación, EsAgua, published 20 February 2017. link

Chinese

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) 虽然属于可再生能源的范畴,但水电和生物质燃料生产所需要的水是化石燃料的成百上千倍 China Dialogue, published 9 March 2017. link